Claudio Abbado


26 June 1933- 20 January 2014

Claudio Abbado made his debut in 1960 at the Teatro alla Scala Milan in which he was music director from 1968 to 1986. From 1986 to 1991 he became Music Director of the Vienna State Opera and then General Music Director of the city of Vienna from 1987. In 1988 he founded the Modern Festival in Vienna to highlight contemporary music and art.
He conducted the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the first time in 1966 and in 1989, the orchestra elected him as their Artistic Director. In 1994 Claudio Abbado was named Artistic Director of the Salzburg Easter Festival. To complement the opera production and symphonic concerts, he was also responsible for adding a contemporary chamber music series and prizes for musical compositions and operaric works.
Claudio Abbado has always been interested in nurturing young talent. In 1978 he founded the European Community Youth Orchestra, in 1981 the Chamber Orchestra of Europe and in 1986 the Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra out of which he also formed the Mahler Chamber Orchestra.
In August 2003 he made his debut with the Lucerne Festival Orchestra, which was founded for Arturo Toscannini, and is comprised of musicians who work regularly with the Mahler Chamber Orchestra, Berlin Philharmonic, Vienna Philharmonic and international soloists from the Ensemble Sabine Meyer, Hagen Quartet and elements of the Alban Berg Quartet. 
2004 saw the birth of the Orchestra Mozart in which he became the Music and Artistic Director. The orchestra is formed of soloists and leaders of prestigious orchestras who play alongside younger musicians from across Europe.
In 2005 he began collaborating with the Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra of Venezuela in Caracas and Havana, an orchestra founded on the amazing initiative of Jose Antonio Abreu over thirty years ago. The orchestra is made up of over 250 young musicians coming from the poor shanty towns of Venezuala and to whom the orchestra provide instruments and a proper education.
Of his many recordings, Claudio Abbado has recorded all of the great symphonic works of Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Brahms, Tchaikowsky, Mahler, Ravel, Prokofiev as well as the operas of Mozart, Rossini, Verdi and Wagner. In 2000 he released a recording of all of Beethoven’s symphonies recorded with the Berlin Philharmonic as well as a highly acclaimed series of live recordings on DVD of Beethoven symphonies and piano concertos taped in Rome and Vienna in February 2001. His recordings have received many prestigious awards including International Grammy Award, Grand Prix International du Disque, Diapason d’or, Record Academy Prize, Stella d’oro, Orphee d’or and the Grand Prix de la Nouvelle Academie.
Claudio Abbado has received numerous awards including the Gran Croce Ordine al Merito and the Gold Medal of the Benemeriti della cultura e dell’arte, the French Grand Croix de la Légion d’Honneur and the Austrian order of the Grosse Goldenes Ehrenzeichen. In 2001 the President of the German Federal Republic awarded him the largest award of state for exemplary service to the arts in Berlin: Das Grosse Verdienstkreuz mit Stern and in May 2004 he was conferred with the “Ernst Reutter Plakette”. He has been awarded honorary doctorates by Cambridge University, Aberdeen, Ferrara and Basilicata and most recently was awarded Honorary Citizenship from the town of Bologna.

Claudio Abbado sadly died on 20 January 2014, in Bologna.

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    Symphony No. 3

Tributes from Sir Simon Rattle and Daniel Harding

Askonas Holt worked with Maestro Abbado over the course of many years, representing him in the UK, organising numerous concert tours with the Berliner Philharmoniker, and more recently bringing the Lucerne Festival Orchestra to the BBC Proms and to London's Royal Festival Hall. Many of these concerts have already passed into legend.

Sir Simon Rattle paid warm tribute to his friend and colleague:

“We have lost a great musician and a very generous man. Ten years ago we all wondered whether he would survive the illness which has now claimed him, but instead, he, and we as musicians and public, could enjoy an extraordinary Indian Summer, in which all the facets of his art came together in an unforgettable way.
He said to me a few years ago, "Simon, my illness was terrible, but the results have not been all bad: I feel that somehow I hear from the inside of my body, as if the loss of my stomach gave me internal ears. I cannot express how wonderful that feels. And I still feel that music saved my life in that time!"
Always a great conductor, his performances in these last years were transcendent, and we all feel privileged to have witnessed them. Personally, he was always immensely kind and generous to me, from my earliest days as a conductor, and we kept warm and funny contact together even up to last Friday. He remains deep in my heart and memory."

In an exclusive article for Slipped Disc Daniel Harding recalled 'the unique qualities of an elusive maestro':
"Claudio was one of the wonders of the world. I think in more than 20 years of knowing him I only heard him raise his voice twice. One of those times was, typically, in jest!

He was the master of leading those around him exactly where he wanted them without ever seeming to demand or insist, without ever being too explicit, or damaging the feeling of freedom that he gave each musician.

He created at least 6 orchestras, most of them for young people. Through this he did more than any single person in our time to educate an entire generation, maybe 2 generations, in what it means to play in an orchestra. I doubt there is a single professional orchestra in the whole of Europe without a group of musicians who played at some point in one of the orchestras he founded.

Musicians who will never forget his simple message – Listen! (of course said in barely a whisper) Claudio sought to remove himself from the equation, he talked endlessly (on the rare occasions when he spoke at all!) of all music as being Chamber Music. If he could aid the musicians to play, so to speak, undirected then he could work his magic. Cajoling and inviting, he would then take the performance to unimagined heights He spoke multiple languages perfectly, but always pretended he couldn’t! Especially if the conversation taking a turn he didn’t appreciate!

His wonderful look of total confusion could disarm almost any situation, we all loved him desperately but few dared to risk upsetting him. His acts of generosity were extraordinary and his single-mindedness could be hugely demanding. There is a large group of us who were lucky enough to have been, at one point or another, part of his close circle. This was not always an easy place to be but I know of none of us who would have had it any other way.
He was, and will continue to be, often imitated. It isn’t very difficult!! Take all the focus out of your consonants, look lost and confused, put your hand on your chest and say ‘beautiful music’ ‘schöne Musik’ What more did he need to say?! He was cheeky, impish, wicked and hysterically funny. He was magnetic, charming and, so I am told, gorgeous!

He was the greatest conductor I have ever seen or heard in person. Not always, not for all repertoire, but when he was in his element and comfortable with those around him then there was nobody to touch him.

In Lucerne, over the last years, once again he built himself a fortress. Everything was on his terms; who played, what was played, when he rehearsed, for how long.. It could be merciless, but in the end the results were unforgettable like almost nothing else. I don’t think the musicians of the Lucerne Festival Orchestra would have done all that for anybody else. There was nobody else like Claudio and there won’t be again.

I will always remember him in the silence that follows the music. There was no moment he treasured more than those seconds of reflection and privacy before the tumult swept the music into the past, into memory. He wasn’t always good at closeness, not good at conversation, not good at taking applause, so he held onto that last moment alone with the music as long as he could. Always listening."

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Tribute from Martin Campbell-White

Askonas Holt's former Joint Chief Executive, Martin Campbell-White recounts the agency's long relationship with Abbado: 

"Askonas Holt had a long and exciting association with Claudio Abbado. Lies Askonas was the first to spot his talents in the 70s, when he was conducting at the Salzburg Festival and most notably as a young Music Director at La Scala. 

I started to work with him when he became principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra in 1978. I remember my very first meeting with him in his room at La Scala. Where such greats as Toscanini, de Sabata and Giulini had held court. Harold Holt arranged many tours for the LSO and Abbado, especially to Japan and to Italy. One tour in 1983 included a historic pair of concerts at La Scala, one with Claudio and one with Carlos Kleiber, whose sister was Abbado's assistant. Abbado conducted some memorable performances of Opera and concerts with his LSO at the Edinburgh Festival, where he had a close friendship with the Festival Director, Peter Diamand. A production of Carmen with Teresa Berganza and Placido Domingo was the best around. Abbado gave equally stunning performances at Covent Garden. A vivid Boris Godunov directed by the Russian Andre Tarkowski gave a young Robert Lloyd the title role. Abbado and the LSO opened the Barbican Centre concert hall in 1983. Those of us still around are grateful for the innovative series of Mahler, Vienna and the 20th Century concerts that he devised in the mid eighties. Sadly, after he took up his post as Music Director at the Vienna State Opera in 1988, he never returned to the LSO. He was never one to look back. However, once he was invited to take on the Berliner Philharmoniker, Harold Holt and then AH arranged 6 visits to Japan between 1990 and 2000. He was gravely ill during the tour and was unable to conduct the Dress Rehearsal of Tristan and Isolde, a Salzburg Osterfestspiele Production which we took to Tokyo. But he came out of the hospital to conduct the first night and the next two performances. 

For me, it's a miracle that he survived so gloriously for another 13 years, giving and giving again to young musicians. Living purely for the music. You just have to read the tributes from Simon Rattle and Daniel Harding to understand what he meant to his younger colleagues."

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